Chanakya Neeti

1. MONEY
TYAJANTI MITRAANI DHANAIRVIHIINAM ||
DAARAASHCHA BHRITYAASHCHA SUHRIJJANASCHA ||
TAM CHARTHAVANNTAM PUNARAASHRAYANTE ||
HYARTHO HI LOKE PURUSHASYA BANDHUH ||

(The money- less man is quit cold by friends, wife, and well wishers and dependents, on his becoming rich, they hang on to him again. In this world, money is only the true ally of man.)

ANYAAYOPAARJITAM VITTAM DASHAVARSHAANI TISTHATI ||
PRAPTE CHAIKAADASHE VARSHE SAMULANCHA VINASYATI ||

(Unjustly earned money stays only for ten years. In the eleventh year, it disappears along with the Principal)

2. BIRTH AND DEATH
JANMA MRITYUN HI YAATYEKO BHUNAKTYEKAH SHUBHAASHUBHAM ||
NARAKE CHA PATATYEKA, EKO YAATI PARANGATIM ||

(Everyone experiences birth and death alone, he also faces the consequences of good and bad actions, and he faces the hell and heaven alone)

3. DESTINY
PATRAM NAIVA YADA KARIRVITAPE DOSHO VASANTASYA KIM ||
GHUKO NAIVA VILOKATE YADI DIVA SURYASYA KIM DUSHANAM ||
DHAARAA NAIVA PATANTI CHATAKMUKHE MEGHASYA KIM DUSHANAM ||
YATPURVAM VIDHINAA LALAATALIKHITAM TANMAARJITUM KAH KSHAMAH ||

(It is not the fault of spring season, if leaves don’t grow on a KARIRA tree. It is not the fault of the sun if the owl can’t see during the day. Cloud is not to be blamed if no raindrops fall into the mouth of the cuckoo. One is powerless to wipe off the destiny inscribed on one’s forehead)

AAYUH KARMA CHA VITTAM CHA VIDDYA NIDHANAMEYA CHA ||
PANCHAITAANI HI SRIJAYANTE GARBHASTHASYAIVA DEHINAH ||

(Life-span, occupation, wealth, education and ‘How death will occur, these five things are determined while a person is in the womb of the mother)

RANKANKAROTI RAJAANAM RAJAANAM RANKAMEVA CHA ||
DHANINAM NIRDHANAM CHAIVA NIRDHANAM DHANINAM VIDHIH ||

(The beggar becomes a king and the king becomes miserly. Destiny makes the rich poor and the poor are made rich by destiny)

4. ALMIGHTY GOD
AGNIRDEVO DVIJAATINAAM MUNINAAM HRIDI DAIVATAM ||
PRATIMA SVALPABUDDHINAM SARVATRA SAMADARSINAAM ||

(Brahmin (Dvija) believes God to be in fire. Sage believes God to be in the heart itself. A person with little knowledge thinks that God resides in the Idol. But a man with just knowledge knows that God is omnipresent)

NA DEVO VIDDYATE KAASTH, NA PAASHAANE NA MRINMAYE ||
BHAAVO HI VIDDYATE DEVASTASMAADVBHAAVO HI KAARANAM ||

(The deity neither dwells in a piece of wood or in a stone or clay model He dwells in one’s faith)

5. DUTIES
MAATRU DEVO BHAVAH! PITRU DEVO BHAVAH! ||
AACHAARYA DEVO BHAVAH! ATITHI DEVO BHAVAH! ||

(MOTHER, FATHER, TEACHER AND GUEST are perceivable Deities)

EKENAAPI SUPUTRENA VIDDYAYUKTENA SAADHUNAA ||
AAHLAADITAM KULAM SARVAM YATHAA CHANDRENA SHARVARI ||

(As the moon illuminates up in the night, in the same way only one good son who is well educated and upright is a delight to the whole family)

KIM JAATAIRBAHUBHIH PUTRAIH SHOKASANTAAPKAARAKAIH ||
VARAMEKAH KULAALAMBI YAATRA VISHRAAMYATE KULAM ||

(One virtuous son is enough than a hundred duds for only one moon can dispel the darkness and not the stars though they are in thousands)

EKEN SHUSKAVRIKSHENA DAHYAMAANENA VAHVINAA ||
DAHYATE TADVANAM SARVAM KUPUTRENA KULAM YATHAA ||

(A wicked son causes distress to the whole family, in the same way as one dried up burning tree makes the whole forest to burn)

6. DUTY OF PARENTS TOWARDS THEIR CHILD

LAALAYETPANCHA VARSHANI, DASHA VARSHAANI TADAAYET ||
PRAAPTE TU, SHODASHE VARSHE, PUTRAM MITRAVADAACHARET ||

(A child should be given all the love and affection for the first five years. The next ten years, discipline should be taught to him strictly. A son should be treated as a friend after the age of sixteen).

7. DUTY OF A WIFE

SAA BHAARYAA YAA SUCHIRDAKSHA SAA BHAARYA YAA PATIVRATAA ||
SAA BHARYAA YAA PATIPRITA SAA BHARYAA YA PRIYAVAADINI ||

(Wife is she who is chaste and deft, she swears only by her husband and she takes delight in her husband and she is soft spoken).

8. MIND CONTROL AND PURITY OF MIND
MANA EVA MANUSHYAANAAM KAARANAM BANDHMOKSHAYOH ||
BANDHAAYA VISHAYAASANGO MUKTAYAI NIRVISHAYAM MANAH ||

(The human mind is the cause of bondage and deliverance. The love for pleasure enslaves us but indifference towards it, liberate us).

NAASTI KAAMSAMO VYAADHIRNAASTI MOHASAMO RIPUH ||
NAASTI KOPASAMO VAHNIRNAASTI GYAANAATPARAM SUKHAM ||

(Passion causes distraction of the mind, the delusion is the biggest enemy of the mind, and Anger burns the mind the most. One who possesses the enlightened mind is the happiest)

9. ANGER (KRODHA)
KRODHO VAIVASVATO RAAJAA TRISHNAA VAITARNI NADII ||
VIDDYA KAAMDUHA DHENUH SANTOSHO NANDANAM VANAM ||

(Anger is the king of death, greed is the river of hell, knowledge is the wish granting cow and contentment is the celestial garden)

10. GREED (LOBHA)
DHANESHU JIVITAVYESHU STRISHU CHAAHAARKARMASU ||
ATRIPTAH PRANINAH SARVE YAATAA YAASYANTI YAANTI CHA ||

(Man is unsatisfied with life, women and food because it does not have permanence. Man has to leave all his belongings one day)

11. ATTACHMENT (MOHA)
YASYA SNEHO BHAYAM TASYAA, SNEHO DUHKHASYAA BHAAJANAM ||
SNEHAMULANI DHUKHANI SNEHAM TYAKTVA VASETSUKHAM ||

(Attachment is the root cause of fear and suffering by giving up attachment one gains happiness)

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